Did Hezbollah achieve its objectives declared in the 1985 ‘Open Letter to the Downtrodden in Lebanon and the World’?

Deandra Madeena Moerdaning, Tim Stevens


The year of 1985 marked the official declaration of Hezbollah’s identity, principles and pivotal objectives in Lebanon through an important document entitled ‘Open Letter to the Downtrodden in Lebanon and the World.’ Objectives stated in the open letter include the withdrawal of Israel and the US as well as submission to justice by the Lebanese Phalanges Party. Hezbollah also hinted its desire to turn Lebanon into an Islamic republic. The party managed to achieve its most important objective; the liberation of South Lebanon from Israel. Nevertheless, other objectives remain unachieved, albeit Hezbollah’s continuous struggle.


Hezbollah; Lebanon; Israel: Manifesto; Guerrilla Warfare

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7454/igcc.v2i0.94


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