Media Stigmatization on Children in Conflict with the Law (CICL)

Hani Noor Ilahi, Nina Mutmainnah


The phenomenon of the increasing number of children as the perpetrators of crime or children in conflict with the law (CICL) in Indonesia makes the group of these children is in need of special protection. This group of children has also received a lot of attention from the public, including from the media. Unfortunately, the reports of the CICL children on media however have the potential to stigmatize the CICL itself. This study discusses the stigmatization of CICL on 114 news in 5 online media by using quantitative methods through descriptive content analysis. The researchers see the entire text, whether from the titles, illustrations, news photos, news photo captions, or the content or main body of the news itself by using the conceptualization stigma by Link and Phelan (2001). The study aims to provide an overview of the online media stigmatization of CICL in the cases of rapes and murder of "Y" (14 years) in Bengkulu 2016. The culprits in this case are 14 men, whom eight of them are children. The results showed that the media stigmatizes CICL primarily in the form of labeling and discrimination, followed by stereotyping and separation. According to the researchers, the stigmatization of the media towards the CICL is a form of media's moral panic as a public moral guard that defines CICL as folk devils who deserves serious sentence or punishment. Thus, the CICL considers to be deviated from the general social norm of children is therefore disproportionately reported (deviance) that amplifies the CICL's image as an intruder in the society


Stigma; Children in conflict with law; media stigmatization; CICL; Labeling; Discrimination; Stereotyping; Separation

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